Lord Of War Essays

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The date is 1954, just a few years after the end of World War Two, the great war still fresh and painful in the eyes of those living; on bookshelves stands the published novel by William Golding titled Lord of the Flies. This novel was written to tell the tale of a group of young boys stranded on an island after their plane crashes sometime after their departure of their evacuation for precaution from London, England. The idea of actual evacuation was only talked about and experimented on even if a plan of action was made if the need ever really arose. Those would would be evacuated would be mothers, children, and the handicapped from vulnerable ares such as London, England, which was hit harshly during the Blitz of 1940 where Germany…show more content…

After having the children vote, Ralph is named leader, and the little ones fall easily under his reign with his promises and ideas of how they should live. Chamberlain often spoke of peacetime and honor (Neville), something everyone wanted when one war had ended and another was rearing it's ugly head, threatening to strike. The antagonist of the novel, along with the major giveaway that Golding wrote this book with World War Two on the mind, is Jack and when he finally does start to step up to the bat, becoming a stronger opponent, Ralph does little to stop him. He gives the boy the throne and helps out only the children that come needing help. By the Munich Agreement of September 30, he and Premier Édouard Daladier of France granted almost all of Hitler's demands and left Czechoslovakia defenseless” (Neville). Neither Chamberlain nor Ralph wanted to fight; Chamberlain found any excuse not to fight and only started to re-arm when he had to, reluctantly (Fraser). Jack would be named the antagonist of the novel, and all all should know, the antagonist of World War Two would be Germany, or namely: Adolf Hitler. Jack, like Ralph, leads with charisma, but holds himself higher on his soapbox. He sounds more convincing when he promises meat to the children who have grown tired of their vegetables and whatever else they had been able to scavenge on the island. “Jack

Background

In any essay on Lord of the Flies, it is important that you demonstrate an understanding of the context of the book. The following notes give you a brief background on Golding and his experiences during World War Two. This section will also deal briefly with the 'paradise island' setting and its significance to the novel as a whole.

Higher English Critical Essay paper – 2009

Prose – Choose a novel in which the setting in time and/or place is a significant feature. Show how the writer's use of setting contributes to your understanding of character and theme.

Golding in World War Two

When I was young, before the war, I did have some airy-fairy views about man. . . . But I went through the war and that changed me. The war taught me different and a lot of others like me.

Sir William Golding

Sir William Golding composed Lord of the Flies shortly after the end of World War Two. During the war, Golding had participated in the D-Day invasion of German-occupied France and was present at the sinking of the Bismarck, most famous ship of the German navy.

Golding's experiences of World War Two profoundly affected his view of humanity and the evils of which man was capable – not only the Nazi concentration camps and the Japanese treatment of prisoners of war, but also allied bombing of civilians. It was this reflection on human evil that drove him to write Lord of the Flies. He was interested in evil, not just as an aspect of human nature, but also in the causes, effects, and expression of evil. Golding addresses these topics through the complex allegory of his novel.

In an essay in 1982, Golding stated simply It is this grief that closes the novel - Ralph grieving the mark of evil in each person's heart, an evil he could have hardly thought existed before witnessing its effects on his friends, Simon and Piggy, and the wider group of schoolboys. Without the controlling hand of civilisation, these former schoolboys sought unthinking domination over others who were not of their group.

Within themselves, they discovered the urge to inflict pain and they revelled in the rush of power that went with it. Reflecting his experiences in the war, Golding shows that when confronted with a choice between reason's civilizing influence and the savagery of animals, the human instinct is to turn its back the values of the civilization that Ralph represents.

Higher English Critical Essay paper 2009

Prose – Choose a novel in which the setting in time and/or place is a significant feature. Show how the writer's use of setting contributes to your understanding of character and theme.

Higher English Critical Essay paper 2008

Prose – Choose a novel which explores the cruelty of human nature. Show how the writer explores this theme and discuss how its exploration enhances your appreciation of the novel as a whole.

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