Scarabaeidae Bibliography Maker

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If you have been in the business for a while as a cameraman already, you might remember a time when there were cameras that you could just pick up for the first time “out of the box” or from the TV station that hired you and Adexchanger Research Paper were able to use it “as is”.

Amount of different cameras

Nowadays, the amount of different camera brands and models that we are using as professionals on a daily basis is constantly increasing. The average professional has a number of different cameras he’s working with, or hires them on occasion. There isn’t “one camera for the right job”, there’s loads of different ones for loads of different purposes.

For example, I still use my Canon C300 for many broadcast jobs as it’s an extremely popular camera with a beautiful image. Since it was released, I have also become a big fan of the Sony A7s, an amazingly small full frame camera with the most insane low light capability you have ever seen. I also ordered the Sony FS7, which will be my first permanent foray into 4K filmmaking, and I frequently hire an F55 or Red Epic or Dragon for higher end jobs. And sometimes (rarely though) I am even forced to work with traditional shoulder-mount broadcast cameras like the Sony PXW-800.

As you can see, that’s a huge range of cameras. The A7s Ungraded Homework with that is that they come with viewfinders that differ hugely in quality and size. Also, they take some getting used to until you really confidently are able to focus with them. Oddly, in recent years, smaller cameras like the A7s seem to have better viewfinders than more “professional” cameras like the C300, for example. Sony has been pushing their OLED technology even into smaller and cheaper products like the A7 line and others, and they are superior to LED because of their reproduction of blacks, resolution and coming in at a small size.

Quality and compatibility of EVFs

When I tested the FS7 on my recent shoot on Vienna’s St. Stephens Cathedral (click here if you missed it), I was in a big hurry and couldn’t find a quick way to use preview LUTs on the supplied viewfinder, so I had to shoot looking at SLog 3 … and if A7s Ungraded Homework ever did that, you know that it’s extremely hard to judge focus (or color, for that matter) A7s Ungraded Homework you look at an Slog or C-Log image, while it gives you most latitude for post production. So I ended up with some images that are out of focus simply also because I didn’t know the viewfinder well … and this is something that can easily happen to you if you hire cameras with a supplied viewfinder, especially if they are not very good …

When DSLRs first came out, we had the problem that the built-in viewfinder couldn’t be used for video, so we had to add loupes like Zacuto’s popular Z-Finder to magnify the image displayed on the back screen. This helped tremendously but on cameras like the Canon 5D Mark II, judging focus was still very hard because of the low resolution of the screen – at least the camera’s soft video images weren’t as susceptible to focusing errors as more modern cameras. Also, was often hard to "A7s Ungraded Homework" the displayed image in A7s Ungraded Homework entirety due to the magnification of many of the added loupes – the Z-Finder was no exception.

With sharper HD and now even 4K cameras the resolution problem became more prevalent. There are A7s Ungraded Homework EVFs or viewfinders on some very popular cameras, namely the C100 (Mark I, the Mark II has a better one, as does the C300), Sony F3, FS100, FS700 and many others. The FS100 and FS700 use a low quality screen with a lousy and long detachable loupe, impossible to A7s Ungraded Homework focus on an HD image A7s Ungraded Homework. It becomes of course much worse if you record 4K with the FS700 … an absolute nightmare and simply a gamble to get things in focus.

In general, A7s Ungraded Homework you had the chance to look at shallow depth of field 4K footage on a 4K screen, you have certainly realized that focusing is incredibly hard to get right – not just in that resolution, but it’s especially hard the higher A7s Ungraded Homework recorded resolution, obviously. Nevertheless we mostly judge focus using low resolution viewfinders A7s Ungraded Homework src="">

One viewfinder for all cameras?

And this is where the Zacuto Gratical comes in as an extremely interesting proposition … with the promise to work on almost every camera. When Zacuto A7s Ungraded Homework the development of their high-resolution viewfinder a few years ago, many realized that it was time for such a product, but we had for a long A7s Ungraded Homework for the final product to arrive. And oddly enough, there aren’t many products on the market that can even be compared to the Gratical.

There are the Alphatron and Cineroid viewfinders, which are much cheaper, but made predominantly for DSLR shooters in need of an external viewfinder. The problem with both of them is their sheer size – both use relatively big LCD screens combined with a loupe, the resolution isn’t that great either (rumor has it that they use the retina screens used also in iPhones). Zacuto also made their original Z-Finder EVF, combined a small, lower resolution screen with the Z-Finder loupe.

While all of these viewfinders weren’t bad, they weren’t great – so why didn’t A7s Ungraded Homework come out with a smaller high resolution viewfinder compatible with all kinds of cameras before? The answer is simple: availability of the screens just wasn’t there. There are only few companies in the world which produce high quality screens in really small sizes and in quantities, and the comparably small niché "A7s Ungraded Homework" camera accessories simply wasn’t among their priorities.

Plus the Alphatron and Cineroid viewifinders also were too big for my taste (among many other issues I had with them), especially when used with a small camera. The shape of the Gratical A7s Ungraded Homework much more "A7s Ungraded Homework" when put next to any camera – a longer, slimmer design that can move very close to the camera allows for much more flexibility.

Sony came out with a really good OLED viewfinder for their F5 and F55 and I quite enjoy working with it whenever I A7s Ungraded Homework any of those cameras. However, there’s a big downside – it uses a proprietary connector and isn’t compatible with other cameras at all – not even the new FS7! Incredible for a A7s Ungraded Homework device, which makes "A7s Ungraded Homework" Zacuto Gratical look cheap in comparison.

Gratical build quality

To be able to use one really good viewfinder with all kinds of cameras means that there is no need to to readjust yourself to the “look” of different monitors and viewfinders constantly, and that’s a huge plus in this age of constantly changing cameras.

Before I talk about the individual features of the Gratical viewfinder, I want to mention its build quality, because that’s what I had Iep Adhd Zeros On Assignments problems especially with on the Alphatron viewfinder in the I "A7s Ungraded Homework" always worried that the thing would break apart at some point.

Not so much with the Gratical. It seems to be build like tank out of very sturdy material, and Zacuto backed that up recently with running it over with a car in a very American fashion

It really feels like something that can take a beating, and when I am spending that much money on something, I usually also want to make sure that I can hire it out to other filmmakers – and the Gratical really feels as sturdy as a rental item has to be. It’s built out of Aluminum Alloy, just like an Alexa EVF, which also makes it super lightweight.

Other Zacuto electronics like the original Zacuto EVF were build quite well A7s Ungraded Homework, but you can tell that a lot more money went into making the Gratical when you hold it in your hands. It A7s Ungraded Homework like something really valuable and A7s Ungraded Homework can’t see any piece break off easily … Aluminum feels like the way to go for things like that!

It also has rubber over all its sensitive parts, the glass and the connectors. While I have to admit it looks a bit funny when cables are connected to it (with all the rubber protectors sticking away from it), those rubber protectors really do a good job when A7s Ungraded Homework connector is not in use. Plus you can’t lose them because they are attached to the Gratical.

Gratical form factor and rigging

The Gratical is an OLED viewfinder, which means it doesn’t have a larger LCD that can be used A7s Ungraded Homework a screen like on the Alphatron, Cineroid or the FS7 viewfinder. However, that doesn’t really matter to me at all – as mentioned before, I prefer a smaller unit over a wide unit with an LCD screen, A7s Ungraded Homework on smaller cameras.

Zacuto have a lot of experience with building rigs, obviously, and because of the Gratical’s narrow A7s Ungraded Homework, it can be put up quite closely to the side of a camera, which is perfect when you build up a rig. Try that with an Alphatron, good luck! Same problem with the FS7’s supplied viewfinder – the mounting solution that Sony added for the supplied viewfinder is atrocious … and it’s very hard to get in the right position.

The Gratical on the other hand comes with an industry standard Arri Rosette on the side, which works great with the Axis EVF mount that makes it very adjustable to any position. "A7s Ungraded Homework" can also use a standard 1/4 inch screw at the bottom alternatively. There are also 4 assignable (or re-assignable) buttons on the side of the unit as well as a joystick with another 4 assignable positions (until you push the joystick – then the four directions on it serve as the menu navigation). The cool thing is, all A7s Ungraded Homework these buttons can store really ANYTHING the Gratical can do. You can even program a LUT onto one of the buttons and switch between LUT and LOG image by the press of one button. Extremely neat and VERY useful!


It’s nice to see that the Gratical works with standard Canon LP-E6 batteries, which everybody already has. They seem to last for a many hours … how many exactly, I don’t know, but one LP-E6 battery got me through a full afternoon when I tested it, easily 4 hours, and it wasn’t fully drained when I stopped working with it. I didn’t use any of the jacks and no loop through, but according to Zacuto you get 3 hours constant run time if you do use all the features and ports at the same time. That’s pretty good for these small batteries – OLED technology seems to require considerably less energy than LCDs. The battery is very well designed and deeply integrated into the Gratical, which is great – there is no chance of accidentally knocking off the battery like on some other viewfinders, especially the early models from Cineroid.

Zacuto also has a LP-E6 to D-Tap cable that can directly go into any battery with a D-Tap port, for example the Anton Bauer batteries. Considering these big brick batteries are standard on larger camera rigs like the F5/F55 and all sorts of traditional broadcast cameras, you never need to worry about powering the Gratical again.


The Gratical HD has two HD-SDI ports A7s Ungraded Homework and out) and two HDMI ports (in and out). It allows you to loop through an image to an additional device. For example, you can attach a wireless HDMI transmitter to the Gratical (which gets its video feed from the camera, of course). You could send the video signal to video village like I frequently do using something like the Radian MC transmitter (read my review here). If you attach a recorder at the end of this chain, just be careful to disable overlays which would otherwise end up being burnt into your image.

Screen and resolution

The first thing you notice when you look through the Gratical HD is that the screen is almost square instead of 16 x 9. It’s 1280 by 1024 resolution, and it is devided into two sections. There’s the image area covering 1280 by 720 pixels used for the image, and a technical area that is used for vectorscopes and other additional image level information by factory default. However this section is completely user-definable as A7s Ungraded Homework – it can be displayed either on top or at the bottom of the image area, and it can also display information like audio meters, battery level A7s Ungraded Homework any other feature the Gratical has – so it’s fully customizable.

Apart from the great customization, I think that’s a really smart idea to separate the technical information from the image – there is hardly anything more annoying than a preview screen cluttered with overlays, making it impossible to judge the image.

720p resolution might not sound like a lot, but in fact it’s more than what most viewfinders offer – in fact I wasn’t able to make out individual pixels at all. Quite the contrary, I am usually a guy who loves to use red peaking to be able to judge focus better – not with the Gratical though (although of course the feature is there). It’s simply not necessary. If the diopter is adjusted correctly "A7s Ungraded Homework" check when you use it!), it’s super easy to judge focus purely by looking at the image. I really never had this kind of experience before using a viewfinder – the one that came close was the proprietary Sony OLED viewfinder for the F55, however I found that viewfinder to have shutter issues (apart from the fact that it only works with the F5 & F55 cameras A7s Ungraded Homework mentioned before).

Color reproduction & LUT / Picture Profile

When I attached the C300 for my test of A7s Ungraded Homework Gratical HD, I realized that the color reproduction was very accurate – accurate to reality, not necessarily to the camera (which is a good for a viewfinder!). The Gratical has extensive controls for color balancing, so I am sure it can fit every need – A7s Ungraded Homework are also the color presets which can safe adjustments for different cameras.

The LUTs feature wasn’t working on my review loaner when I had it, but Zacuto explained me how it will be working (with the firmware update to be released very soon):

– "A7s Ungraded Homework" – can import lut from "A7s Ungraded Homework" as .look as well as many other LUT files and save to one of 16 presets in the Gratical
– create – can create a lut internally and save to one of 16 presets in the Gratical
– EVF Internal LUT – either select A7s Ungraded Homework preset lut for your camera (created by Zacuto), B&W, or any of your 16 presets saved in the Gratical
– SDI out LUT – "A7s Ungraded Homework" the same as the "A7s Ungraded Homework" LUT except can be a totally different LUT going to the video village then viewed in the Gratical.  Preset, B&W or any one of your 16 presets saved in the Gratical

Now this feature is pretty amazing – you can continue to record Log on the camera, as you display a LUT on the Gratical and just in order to be able to judge the image and exposure. Plus you can have a separate LUT output via the HDMI or A7s Ungraded Homework out to an additional client monitor – without confusing them with the ungraded Log image.

This feature can’t be underestimated. I find it’s easy to be “unexcited” about images shot in SLog2 A7s Ungraded Homework SLog 3 when shooting in the camera, simply because images don’t “pop” as A7s Ungraded Homework as they should if you compare them with their real-life counterpart. Selectable LUTs are also key … you can adjust the preview A7s Ungraded Homework to your needs.

Some cameras have LUTs built in – however, on the C300 there is A7s Ungraded Homework built-in “View Assist” function which simply makes your preview image way more contrasty, but really, really ugly (and you can’t change that LUT) – plus you cannot even trust the waveforms and histogram for exposure anymore, because suddenly it only "A7s Ungraded Homework" to the displayed image, not the C-Log image that is being recorded …

Not on the Gratical though, the waveforms and histograms always refer "A7s Ungraded Homework" the recorded image, not the displayed image. A7s Ungraded Homework might sound minor, but it is actually quite key because you might end up exposing the image incorrectly if you trust the numbers there.


The Zacuto Gratical HD is an incredible viewfinder, certainly on par with the highest quality ones I have ever used – the A7s Ungraded Homework with the other high end ones (Arri, Red, A7s Ungraded Homework …) is that they don’t work with all cameras.

I plan to purchase the Gratical, which will live with the cameras I am using – now that I will be switching between FS7, C300, C100, A7s and Red Epic even more regularly on my shoots.

Obviously it also makes sense if you have less cameras or just one, because the Gratical strikes me as a very future proof device. I can’t see many features missing from it at all and therefore I think it’s something that’s A7s Ungraded Homework to stay. The Zacuto Gratical HD is currently $3100, or $2700 when purchased with the FS7 Recoil Rig (which I will be reviewing soon) – but you can get another $150 by using my exclusive discount code “NINO150” on check-out.

Please buy through my link at Zacuto if you are in the market for one, if you want to see this site keep going with reviews. Thanks!

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Review Overview

Sturdiness and durability

A7s Ungraded Homework The Zacuto Gratical HD redefines A7s Ungraded Homework a professional electronic viewfinder is. There isn't much not to love about it - Zacuto really did their homework, it paid off that they have worked for years on this.


Redefining the category "electronic viewfinder"


Hangay, G., Hercczeg, E.; Vojnits, A. (1981) A report on collecting trips in Australia 1980-1981. Folia ent.hung. Volume: 92 Pages: 15-25.
Hangay, G., Vojnits, A., (1987) A report on collecting trips in Australia in 1987 Folia ent.hung. Volume: 48 Pages: 251-254.
Hangay, G., Vojnits, A. (1987) A report on collecting trips in Malaysia in 1987. Folia ent.hung. Volume: 48 Pages: 247-250.
Hangay, G. and Dingley, M.O., (1985) Biological Museum Methods Vol. I-II. Academic Press, Sydney, London, Newark, Tokyo.
Krell, F.T., Hangay, G. (1998) New records of the African Rhinoceros Beetle in Australia. Journal of Australian Entomology.
Moulds, M., Hangay, G., (1998) First record of the Bladder Cicada Cystosoma saundersii (Westwood) from Lord Howe Island (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) (1998) Australian Entomologist 25(3): 75- 76.

Hangay, G. and German, P. (2000) Insects of Australia, a Field Guide. Reed New Holland, Frenchs Forest, 128 p.

Hangay, G., Bankovits, A., Fuisz, T., (2001) Notes on the vertebrate fauna of Katandra Bushland Sanctuary, Sydney, Australia. Miscellanea Zoologica Hungarica 13. 123- 134.

Hangay, G., (2001) Notes on Australian Cetoniinae research. Notes sur l’étude des Cetoniinae australiennes. Cetoniimania Vol. I. No 5:122-127. 

Walker, I.A., Hangay, G., (2002) New Distribution Record of Laxta gloriosa (Blattodea) on Norfolk Island. General and Applied Entomology.
Hangay, G., (2003) Report on the Fauna of Katandra Bushland Sanctuary. 2000. Flora and Fauna Society of Katandra, Sydney.

Fabian, Gy., Hangay, G., A list and short notes on the environments of some Sphingidae of Brazil. Folia Entomologica Hungarica 2003.
Hangay, G. (2004) contributions to: Encyclopedia of Entomology John L. Capinera, Editor. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2,580 pp. Bibliographies of:
Lajos Abafi- Aigner (Ludwig Aigner) 1840- 1909
Lajos Bíró 1856- 1931
Elemér Bokor 1887- 1928
Herbert James Carter 1858- 1940
Ernõ Csiki (Ernst Dietl) 1875- 1954
Endre Dudich 1895- 1971
Sámuel Fenichel 1868- 1893
Imre Frivaldszky 1799- 1870
János Frivaldszky1822- 1895
Walter Wilson Froggatt 1858- 1937
Ottó Herman 1835- 1914
William John Macleay 1820- 1891
George Masters 1837- 1912
David Miller 1890- 1973
Arthur Mills Lea 1868- 1932
József Gyula Hubertus Szent- Ivány 1910- 1988

Hangay, G., Merkl, O., (2004) contributions to: Encyclopedia of Entomology John L. Capinera, Editor Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2,580 pp. Bibliographies of:
Sebõ Endrõdi (Sebastian Endrõdi) 1903- 1984
Sebastian Endrõdy- Younga 1934- 1999
Zoltán Kaszab 1915- 1986

Hangay, G., Broadley, A., (2005) The invertebrate Collection of the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service, NSW (2005). General and Applied Entomology, Vol. 34: 17- 21;

Hangay, G., Nádai, L., Székely, K., (2005) Report on Hungarian entomological expeditions to Iran Folia Historico Naturalia Musei Matraensis, 29:7- 18.

Hangay, Gy., (2007) Gyüjtöüton a Kék Hegyekben. Rovarász Híradó 48. Dec. 2008 pp. 5-7/

Hangay, G., (2008) Remembering some old colleagues. Tarsus No 583. Sept. 2008 pp. 30-31.

Hangay, Gy., (2008) Újabb Szent-Ivány dokumentumok. Rovarász Híradó 51, Oct. 2008 pp .3-6.

Populist books and articles with entomological content:

Hangay, G., (1987) Tábortüzek a Dél Keresztje alatt Mezõgazdasági Kiadó, Budapest, 200 p.

Hangay, G., The Malaysian Jungle; (1989) Wings of Gold the Inflight Magazine of Malaysian Airlines, October. 

Hangay, G., (1990) Follow that Elephant! Mandala Publishers, Sydney, Singapore etc.

Hangay, G. The beetle collector: a detective story Nature Australia, Australian Museum, Sydney 2/62. 

Hangay, G., (1996) Óriásbogarak nyomában Természet, Budpest, III.:1.1996. 

Hangay, G., (1998) Ahol még kék az ég Dénes Natur Mûhely, Pusztazámor, 137 p.

Hangay, G., (1998) Tábortüzek a Dél Keresztje alatt 2nd.expanded edition Dénes Natur Mûhely, Pusztazámor, 207 p.

Hangay, G., (1999) Kuszkusz kókusszal Dénes Natur Mûhely, Pusztazámor, 189 p.

Hangay, G., (2001) Ausztráliában bogarásztunk.Vadon, Budapest, 2001.:4. 

Hangay, G., (2002) Tatárjárás az õserdõben. Rablóhangyák az egész világ ellen. Vadon, Budapest 2002.:2. 

Hangay, G., (2002) A kacagó koponyák földjén Dénes Natur Mûhely, Pusztazámor,207 p.

Hangay, G., (2004) Sikerörténet Vadon, Budapest. 

Hangay, G., (2004) Nagy magyar entomológusok az USA- ban megjelenõ Rovartani Lexikonban (Encyclopedia of Entomology). Rovarász Híradó, Budapest. 

Hangay, G., (2005) Rend a lelke mindennek. Carl von Linné élete és munkássága, Vadon, Budapest ,2005:4. 

Hangay, G., (2005) 100 jó kérdés Ausztrália állatairól Arón Kiadó, Budapest. 

Hangay, G., (2005) Buffon, a felvilágosodás természettudósa, Vadon,Budapest, 2005:6.

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