Politics is the way that people living in groups make decisions. Politics is about making agreements between people so that they can live together in groups such as tribes, cities, or countries. In large groups, such as countries, some people may spend a lot of their time making such agreements. These people are called politicians. Politicians, and sometimes other people, may get together to form a government. The study of politics in universities is called political science, political studies, or public administration.
In everyday life, the term "politics" refers to the way that countries are governed, and to the ways that governments make rules and laws. Politics can also be seen in other groups, such as in companies, clubs, schools, and churches.
Governments[change | change source]
The government tries to lead the whole group. Governments do things such as:
- Decide which people get which pieces of land
- Decide which people can tell other people what to do
- Decide whether to go to war with another country
- Create money
- Build things for the use of the whole group, such as roads, hospitals, libraries, and docks.
- Educate people, either for their own good, or to teach them what the government wants them to know
- Take care of the very young, the sick, or the very old
- Manage the welfare of the country and manages the money available for spending on services (Hospitals, Schools, etc.)
One of the ways the government leads the group is by making laws and rules which tell everybody what they can and can not do. The government makes these laws so that society will be safe and well-ordered. The law that "you must not drink alcohol while driving a car" stops people from drunk driving, which could kill people. The law "you must wear a helmet on a motorcycle" makes sure that people protect themselves.
The government can also control people and what happens in a country in other ways besides making laws.
- For example, how the government spends its money makes a big difference in what people will do or what will happen to people. If the government spends a lot of money on hospitals and nurses, the people will probably become healthier.
- Also, if people like their government, or think that their government is wise, they may do something just because their government says it is a good thing to do. Governments often make posters or television advertisements that encourage people to stop smoking cigarettes or eat more fruits and vegetables.
Politics is often compared to ethics (ideas about right and wrong). Ethics is a more abstract study of right and wrong. Ethics is usually more concerned with principle than law or politics or diplomacy, so many people think ethics is not practical. But without some agreement on ethics, there is probably no way to even have a debate, laws or an election. There is always some agreement on ethics and personal conduct in a political system.
Political parties[change | change source]
In most countries, people have formed political parties to put forward their ideas. There is usually some disagreement between people within a party, but they work together because they feel that they agree on enough things, and they will have more power if they join together. They agree to take the same position on many issues, and agree to support the same changes to law and the same leaders. An election is usually a competition between different parties. Some examples of parties are the Liberal party, the Labor party and the Greens.
History[change | change source]
The Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote that humans are a political animal and that ethics and politics are closely linked.
Niccolo Machiavelli wrote that politics was firstly about having and keeping power. He said that without power, a leader could do nothing.
In 1651, Thomas Hobbes wrote Leviathan, a book about politics. Hobbes wrote that people living in groups often give up some of their rights in exchange for some protections from a government.
In the 1800s, John Stuart Mill developed the "liberal" idea of politics. Mill said that democracy is the most important political development of the 1800s. He said that there should be more protection for individual rights against the government.
Bernard Crick wrote a list of the political virtues, which were about best practices of politics itself.
International politics[change | change source]
There are also disagreements between different countries. Attempts to solve the problem with meetings are called diplomacy. This is politics between nations instead of politics within nations. If the problems are not resolved by diplomatic meetings they can lead to war or terrorism.
Related pages[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Politics.|
What is a political essay? A political is just as the name suggests an essay based on politics or a political situation. Completing a political essay is impossible without the proper research to fully understand your subject. First, you should study the primary texts, to analyze its contents. You may take advantage of using reliable Internet sources, with available government reports and political parties' news. Scan through reputable newspapers and magazines to compile relevant data for your political essay.
Having a precisely selected topic of your political essay ensures its efficiency and effectiveness. Make the compass of your writing specific and goal oriented. Your paper should answer the implicit questions - "how" and "why", as it is an analytical work.
When you are presenting your political essay topic in the introduction, make it specific and informative. The reader should understand from your words that your topic is worth investigating. You can defend your subject stressing its political importance and your own preferences. Keep in mind that you can't guess the political views of the reader. That is why you have to get the reader interested and enthusiastic about what you are writing with your words and original arguments. Writing the introductory section you should ask yourself: "How will my essay contribute to existing facts?"
Each paragraph of the body includes the main point, the so-called topic sentence. You support your topic sentence with examples or specification or both. The transitions from one paragraph to the next must be smooth and logical. Sometimes you may remind the reader what the major point of your political essay is.
The final conclusion aims at summarizing the main argument and emphasizing its importance. Though you may consider going beyond the debated issue and leave the reader with a more challenging question to think over.
Follow the style of political essays. It suggests: minimal use of Passive Voice and avoiding redundant phrases, trendy words, cliches.
We want to remind you that social scientists often apply terms not covered by common dictionaries. Sometimes the same term can convey quite different meanings to different political groups. Be careful and accurate using political terms in your essay. One more thing you should remember is to choose precise and cautious stereotype words. They can encompass racist terminology, ethnicity terms, gender words, and occupational terms. Stay away from words with discriminatory connotation in your political essay. Give preference to using gender-neutral language. Your essay may be enriched with statistics and you will want to use tables, charts and figures. In this case you should not fail to interpret them in your political essay.
Occasionally you will support your argument with someone else's words. Be sure to mention the source of the information you are presenting. If you are still confused and are unsure how to write a political essay and need the help of a professional essay writerClick here.