Whether your child is in elementary, middle, or high school, every child will eventually need clear and consistent help with their homework. As homework can directly impact a child’s success in the classroom, as well as his or her overall educational development, a parent’s involvement absolutely provides a child with encouragement, support, and direction. By using positive steps proven to boost student performance, parents can intervene prior to a child’s struggles with homework ever begin to surface.
The Importance of Homework in Cognitive Development
While children often perceive homework to be a form of punishment from their teacher, the act of practicing classroom skills at home is an integral part of the developmental process. As Nucleus Learning explains, homework serves a myriad of essential purposes for both instruction and reinforcement. Most fundamentally, homework allows students to practice skills learned in school with their own autonomous engagement outside of the classroom. As there is a limited amount of time in each school day, children are forced to accept the educational contract that they must put in the effort both in and outside of school to master all of the required material.
Adding to this, homework allows students to “Investigate on their own, learn how to find answers to questions, show that the teacher does not have an answer to everything.” Homework allows a student to more thoroughly learn and understand the material instructed; furthermore, actively engaging in homework teaches students how to become advocates for their own learning, as they can engage in an inquiry-based process of asking questions and seeking out more answers and discoveries.
Further expounding on the importance of homework, Mary Sheedy Kurcinka, the educational author of Kids, Parents and Power Struggles, asserts that parents play an immense role in a child’s successful engagement and completion of homework assignments. As she explains, “What most people don't realize is how much support their kids need with homework… It isn't something where you can just say, 'He's 10 or 12 or 15, he should just do it.’’”
Instead, a parent’s foundational support in helping their children understand and practice homework sets the child up for the scaffold of evolving responsibilities. If a child fails to acknowledge his or her responsibilities with completing mandated assignments from their teacher, the child may be heading down a dangerous path of irresponsibility, which can later impact a child’s ability to thrive in their first job or professional realms of life.
The Top Ten Homework Tips for Parents
1. Establish a Routine
The first step in creating a positive homework pathway for your child is by primarily creating a routine. This may mean that parents may have to compromise with their child on the working conditions for homework time. As The Seattle Times further explicates, “That means helping students designate a set time and place where they can comfortably — and routinely — hit the books without being disturbed. Some families keep the TV off on weeknights and tape favorite shows for weekend watching. Following such a rule consistently, Kurcinka says, may avoid parent-child power struggles.” Adding to this, if a child is comfortable independently working in his or her bedroom, then parents may need to allow this freedom and choice of the child; however, if a child’s homework is incomplete or if their grades drop, then parents should immediately step in and enforce a different homework strategy and routine.
2. Create Boundaries
As the homework routine is clearly outlined and consistently enforced, parents should simultaneously create clear boundaries for their child as well. This may entail that a teenager’s cell phone must be turned off during homework time, or a child’s television or radio must be off until assignments are complete.
3. Get Organized
For younger children, a parent may need to create a homework calendar that both the parent and the child can clearly access and see. This may help a child learn how to plan ahead and create a schedule for long-term elementary and middle school projects. For high school kids, this may mean that a parent talks with their teen about setting progress goals for assignments each day.
4. Accountability and Responsibility
Regardless of a child’s age or school grade, a parent must immediately require their child’s personal accountability for homework and assignments. Parents should have clear rules about writing down assignments in a notebook or remembering to bring all necessary homework materials, such as books or calculators, home each night. If a child fails to hold up their end of the bargain, then the established consequences should be enforced.
5. Create a “Learning Space”
For many children, a “learning space” that is specifically set aside for homework can allow them to mentally enter into a “school mode” when they are at home. This may mean that a small office is stocked with pens, paper, and necessary tools for assignments; however, on the other hand, this also may mean that a child may need to access the library each day for homework (if they are too distracted at home). Regardless of a child’s needs, a parent must create a free space for a child to complete assignments without disruptions or distractions.
6. Teach Prioritization
Children are gradually assigned more homework tasks as they progress through the school grades, and parents can intervene and teach children how to prioritize their homework assignments. If a project is due in a week, a parent can help their child to set up a timeline for small tasks each day. Or, if a child is feeling overwhelmed, a parent can help their child make a list of everything that must be done, and then number each task in order to prioritize the academic responsibilities.
7. Check Your Child’s Progress
While public schools send out report cards and progress reports, many schools now post grades and homework assignments online. Parents can speak with their child’s teacher(s) about the best ways to check in on the student’s progress throughout the semester and school year so that students are able to consistently perform to their potential without falling behind or struggling.
8. Allow Freedoms When Earned
If a child successfully meets all of the outlined homework rules and expectations, parents can allow certain appropriate freedoms if their child seems to be excelling in their tasks and schoolwork. For example, if a child asks to change their homework time or change their “learning space,” parents should experiment with new freedoms as the child gradually excels with their own academic responsibility. As long as the child seems to be successfully comprehending and excelling in academic pursuits and assignments, parents can consider new privileges and rewards for their child’s achievements.
9. Be a Study Buddy
Many times, especially when a child feels overwhelmed with a task or assignment, parents can offer support by simply helping their child study. This involves quizzing a child, teaching a child study strategies, or also just helping a child get organized. Sometimes the simple act of giving a child attention during difficult tasks can boost a child’s morale and effort.
10. Encourage and Support
Most importantly, a parent should serve as a motivational academic cheerleader. Homework should not be a punishment or a time that’s dreaded. Approach homework with a positive attitude, and consistently reward the child with positive verbal feedback. Children do not require material treats or presents for their success; moreover, children thrive on verbal support and encouragement. For example, if a child consistently does their homework without complaining, remind them each day, “I love how you always do your assignments with such a great attitude. I admire your ability to do what’s assigned with such an adult work ethic!” When compliments are specific and meaningful, a child will feel more confident and motivated to continually follow through with his or her responsibilities and performance.
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Homework time is rarely fun in most households. Parents of children with ADHD have extra challenges to manage. If a child is over-stimulated or stressed, homework becomes nearly impossible to complete. ADHD children have difficulty organizing themselves and their surroundings, and they have trouble concentrating for long periods of time. The following rules and tips can help parents of children with ADHD to better manage homework time.
RELATED: Download Our Free Homework Charts!
1. Create a Quiet Place
Many children can manage to do homework at the kitchen table while the hustle and bustle of the household goes on around them. This isn’t the case for children with ADHD. They need a quiet place where they aren’t easily distracted. Strive to create a homework spot for your child. It should be a comfortable, pleasant space.
Children with ADHD often have trouble sitting still. A balance ball desk chair allows them to move while working on their homework, which in turn helps them to concentrate.
2. Structured Time
Children with ADHD struggle to concentrate for long periods of time. Create structure for them so that they can get through these periods. Know your child’s patterns and temperament. For example, can they concentrate for ten minutes? Pop in and check on them every ten or fifteen minutes to see how they’re doing. Consider dividing up their homework time with short breaks. For example, once their ten minutes is up, give them an apple slice or do a few jumping jacks with them and then back to work for ten minutes. These small, healthy breaks can help them stay focused.
Related: How to Deal with Your Kids’ Homework Challenge
3. Create Structure
Children with ADHD have difficulty creating structure for themselves. Work with your child to create systems for homework time. For example, create a system for them to track their daily homework. Create a “Done” folder for homework that has been completed. Consider creating a homework routine for children. When they come home from school, they can have a snack, play with the dog for ten minutes, and head to their homework space.
4. Establish Expectations
Let your child know exactly what is expected of them and what the consequences will be if expectations are not met. It’s important to know your child’s learning style and how these expectations need to be communicated. For example, if your child is a visual learner then you might want to create a chart for the expectations. Be sure to follow through on consequences if necessary.
Clear and consistent communication with your child’s teacher is also imperative. It’s important to know how your child is doing in school if they’re getting their homework done on time, and how they’re managing in the classroom.
RELATED: Download Our Free Homework Charts!